Ohio University

Biology Undergraduate Courses

<h2>BIOS 1000 - Animal Diversity</h2><p>For nonmajors. A broad survey of all of the major groups of animals. Aspects of the biology, reproduction, ecology, and evolution of the animal phyla. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> WARNING: not BIOS 1715</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 1030 - Human Biology I:Basic Principles</h2><p>For nonmajors. Humans as biological organisms: our origins, ecology, and inheritance, and functioning of our body systems. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 1090 - Readings in Biology</h2><p>Small group study and discussion of topics only peripherally covered in the BIOS 1700 series. Provides an informal forum to read about, discuss, and present topics that go beyond the textbook.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 1710 concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 seminar</p>
<h2>BIOS 1100 - Peer-Led Team Learning for BIOS 1700</h2><p>Small groups of students meet with peer mentors to work on problem sets, readings, team-based learning projects in order master the material in BIOS 1700 and the scientific reasoning it requires.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 1700 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>BIOS 1300 - Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology I</h2><p>Introduction to the structure and function of the human body using chemicals, cells, tissues, to study the integumentary, skeletal, muscular and nervous systems. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> Pre-Nursing major or Soph or C or better in BIOS 1030</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 1310 - Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology II</h2><p>Introduction to the structure and function of the human body in the study of the digestive, urinary, reproductive, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, endocrine systems, and acid-base balance.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in BIOS 1300</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 1500 - Concepts in Biology</h2><p>Introduction to learning and study skills in Biology through the use of case studies in cell biology, genetics, and physiology.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> Permission required</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 1700 - Biological Sciences I: Molecules and Cells</h2><p>Cellular and molecular biology. Designed for science majors and preprofessional students. Introduction to the chemistry of life, cell structure and function, and the principles of inheritance. Credit not allowed for both 1700 and PBIO 1140.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C or better in BIOS 1030 or ((ACT 23 or SAT 1130) and Chemistry placement 34) or (ACT 27 or SAT 1280) and WARNING: No credit for both this course and the following (always deduct credit for the first course taken): PBIO 1140</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 1705 - Biological Sciences I Laboratory</h2><p>Laboratory course to accompany BIOS 1700.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 1700 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 1710 - Biological Sciences II: Ecology, Evolution, Animal Body Systems</h2><p>Animal organ systems. Designed for science majors and preprofessional students. Introduction to multicellular life, organ systems, anatomy, physiology, and animal development; emphasis is on comparative strategies within the animal kingdom. Ecology and evolutionary biology. Introduction to the principles of evolution, ecology, and behavior. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in (BIOS 1700 or PBIO 1140)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 1715 - Biological Sciences II Laboratory</h2><p>Laboratory survey of the major phyla of the animal kingdom to reveal evolutionary relationships and structural and functional characteristics. Laboratory includes microscopy and dissection.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 1710 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 2010 - Elementary Microbiology</h2><p>Medical microbiology; topics include microbial and fungal growth, metabolism, and genetics; antimicrobial chemotherapy; principles of immunology, microorganisms, and infectious diseases.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> One course in BIOS and CHEM and not BIOS major</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 2020 - The Biology of Sex Differences</h2><p>Genetic, hormonal, and environmental influences that affect the development of sex differences. Lecture, discussion, and group-report formats. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 2030 - Human Biology II: Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology</h2><p>Introduction to functional anatomy of the human body. Emphasis is on the musculoskeletal system and its control by the nervous system. Students will learn how the skeleton, major muscle groups, and nervous system work together during human behaviors such as posture, locomotion, control of the hands, and respiration. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 1030 or 1710 and WARNING: No credit if taken after 3010</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 2035 - Human Biology II Laboratory: Functional Anatomy</h2><p>For nonmajors. Laboratory introduction to the functional human anatomy. Emphasis is on the musculoskeletal and other major organ systems: nervous, circulatory, respiratory, and gastrointestinal. Students will explore the major patterns of the musculoskeletal and other organ systems through practical exercises with joint-muscle and tissue organ relationships by using articulated skeletons, surface anatomy, and dissection. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 2030 or concurrent and WARNING: No credit if taken after 3015</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 2050 - Human Biology: Sex and Reproduction</h2><p>For nonmajors. Development, structures, and function of male and female human reproductive systems from conception to death, including behavior. Emphasis on current state of knowledge and relevance to topical health and social issues. Lecture and discussion format. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2AS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 2060 - Drugs and the Brain</h2><p>For nonmajors. The brain creates behavior in part via multiple chemical messenger (neurotransmitter) systems that serve specific functions such as mood alteration and arousal. Recreational and psychoactive medical drugs work by mimicking these natural messenger systems, and thus help elucidate the behavioral functions of different neurotransmitter classes. Reviews nervous system structure and chemical signaling pathways and then survey the major classes of psychoactive drugs, including alcohol, opium, cocaine, amphetamines, nicotine, caffeine, marijuana, the hallucinogens, and the antidepressants. Particular attention is paid to the biological bases of their effects. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 1030 or 1710 or PSY 1010</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 2100 - Exploring Animal Behavior</h2><p>Humans have always been interested in animal behavior. During our early history, much of that interest was based on practical need. Today studies of animal behavior help us understand our own behavior as well as our interactions with all other animals. Explore both how and why some animals migrate, live in groups, fight, have mating preferences, provide parental care, and communicate. Lectures will address some controversial issues in animal behavior, such as "Do animals have emotions?" Provides you with a new way of thinking about, observing, and interacting with the animals.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> WARNING: no credit if taken after BIOS 4730 or PSY 3230</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 2200 - Conservation and Biodiversity</h2><p>For nonmajors. Introduces the student to the modern field of conservation biology and the role of genetics, ecology, life history, and biogeography in the preservation and maintenance of biodiversity. Case studies of endangered animal and plant species will be highlighted. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> WARNING: no credit if taken after BIOS 4810</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2AS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 2210 - Microbes and Humans</h2><p>For nonmajors. A good introduction to microbiology for allied health fields. Introduction to the history and life of microorganisms with an emphasis on bacteria and viruses. Discussion of the interaction between humans and microbes including vaccines, antibiotics, biotechnology, immunity, disease transmission, and food spoilage. Overview of infectious diseases affecting human organ systems. Application of concepts through reading on current topics. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> WARNING: no credit if taken after BIOS 3210 or BIOS 3220</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2AS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 2215 - Microbes and Humans, Laboratory</h2><p>Characteristics and activities of microbes of special relevance to humans welfare, and those affecting maintenance of environmental and food quality. Special topics include human immune cells and food production by microorganisms. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 2210 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2AS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 2250 - Genetics in Human Society</h2><p>For nonmajors. Basic principles of inheritance in humans. Normal and abnormal chromosome constitutions, gene-protein interrelationships, and factors that cause mutations of genes and chromosomes. Significance of genetics in life of human society. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> WARNING: No credit if taken after BIOS 3100</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2AS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 2350 - Insects, Science, and Society</h2><p>Introduces nonmajors to fundamental concepts of biology by using insects as examples. Students will gain an appreciation of how insects have shaped human culture and history for thousands of years and how the scientific understanding of insect behavior, physiology, evolution, and ecology is applied to solve real world problems. Contemporary issues, ranging from mosquito-born diseases, genetically modified crops and insecticide resistance, to killer bees, the silk industry and insects in forensic investigations will be used to focus discussions and improve scientific literacy. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> WARNING: no credit if taken after BIOS 4360</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2AS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 2500 - Evolution: the history of life on earth</h2><p>From DNA to fossils billions of years old, the evidence for evolution is all around us. This course is an introduction to the science of evolutionary biology for those not majoring in the life sciences. Topics covered include the mechanisms of evolution, such as natural selection, adaptation, and the formation of species; the patterns of evolution, such as mass extinction and the chronicle of life on earth; and applications of evolutionary principles to human society, such as medicine, agriculture, and biodiversity conservation. The overriding aim of the course is to educate students on evolutionary biology as a science. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> WARNING: No credit for this course if taken after the following: BIOS 3300</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 2750 - Ecology in the 21st Century</h2><p>Introductory study of the natural environment and relations of organisms to one another and their surroundings. Individual, population, and community and global dynamics are considered in natural and human-influenced environments to improve ecological literacy about how the natural world works. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> WARNING: no credit if taken after BIOS 3750</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 2NS</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 2900 - Special Topics in Biological Sciences</h2><p>Specific course content will vary with offering.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 2970T - Zoology Tutorial</h2><p>Special course offered to students in Honors Tutorial program.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 12</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 12.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>BIOS 2971T - Zoology Tutorial</h2><p>Special course offered to students in Honors Tutorial program.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 12</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 15.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 6.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>BIOS 2980T - Zoology Tutorial</h2><p>Special course offered to students in Honors Tutorial program.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 12</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 12.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>BIOS 2981T - Zoology Tutorial</h2><p>Special course offered to students in Honors Tutorial program.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 12</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 15.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>BIOS 3010 - Human Anatomy</h2><p>Structure and general function of all body systems with emphasis on human musculoskeletal system, and human structure/function relations. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in (BIOS 171 or (1710 and 1715))</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 3015 - Human Anatomy Lab</h2><p>Hands-on experience through working with human anatomy at the level of tissues, organs, and body systems. Emphasizes a basic knowledge of anatomical terminology and the structural basis of body functions. Lab and small-group exercises are organized around human prosected/plastinated specimens, regional-surface anatomy, and musculoskeletal modeling and sketching assignments. To gain an appreciation of basic tissue properties and relationships, labs include direct experience with dissection. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3010 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 3030 - Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy</h2><p>Comparative study of the anatomy of vertebrates. Structure, function, and evolution of the vertebrate body forms and organ systems are compared. Extensive lab work covers each of the major classes of vertebrates and includes dissection. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3300</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 3100 - General Genetics</h2><p>Principles and concepts of genetics as revealed by classical and modern investigation. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in (BIOS 1710 and 1715) or PBIO 1150</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 3105 - Laboratory Genetics</h2><p>Experiments in basic bacterial, yeast, and Drosophila molecular genetics. Experiments include site-directed mutagenesis, yeast 2-hybrid analysis, and transposon mutagenesis in Drosophila. Recombinant DNA techniques designed to familiarize the student with current laboratory procedures in molecular genetics. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3100</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 3160 - Biogeography</h2><p>An examination of historical, environmental, and biotic influences that shape spatial patterns of plant and animal distributions and community structure in the contemporary landscape. The course also explores the role of disturbance as a shaper of biological communities, and students will be introduced to field, laboratory and statistical means of analyzing ecological data. The role of human activities in altering biogeographic patterns is informed by our understanding how and why biological diversity varies over the surface of the earth.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> (BIOS 1715 or GEOG 1100) and WARNING: not GEOG 3160</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 3200 - Fundamentals of Animal Cell Biology</h2><p>Comprehensive introduction to the structure and function of animal cells, emphasizing fundamental principles and concepts of modern cell biology and the dynamic nature of cells and their components. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in BIOS 3100</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 3205 - Cell and Microbiology Techniques</h2><p>Laboratory exercises designed to illustrate basic techniques in molecular and cell biology, including electrophoresis and immunohistology. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3200 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 3210 - General Microbiology</h2><p>Overview of bacteria, protista, viruses, and their relationship to us and our environment. Lab training in common microbiological methods. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3100 or (BIOS1700 and BIOS2250)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4.0</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 3220 - General Microbiology</h2><p>Overview of bacteria, archea, fungi, and viruses, and their relationship to humans and the environment.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3100 or (BIOS1700 and BIOS2250) or PBIO 3300</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 3225 - General Microbiology Laboratory</h2><p>Overview of bacteria, protista, viruses, and their relationship to us and our environment. Lab training in common microbiological methods.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3220 or concurrent and WARNING: no credit if BIOS 3210</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 3300 - Principles of Evolution</h2><p>Study of the microevolutionary and macroevolutionary processes and patterns that explain and characterize the history and diversity of life on Earth. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> (C- or better in BIOS 1710) and (BIOS 3100 or concurrent)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 3330 - Neural Basis of Behavior</h2><p>Overview of how animal nervous systems generate behavior. The first half introduces brain and neuronal physiology and anatomy, sensory and motor systems, sensory-motor integration, and motivational states. The second half uses exemplar neuroethological case studies to integrate this information. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in BIOS 1710</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 3420 - Principles of Physiology</h2><p>Function of animal cells and organs, emphasizing the physical and chemical principles underlying physiological processes.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> CHEM 1520 and (C- or better in BIOS 1710 or 171) and (PHYS 2002 or 252 or 202 or concurrent)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 5.0</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 3430 - Principles of Physiology</h2><p>Function of animal cells and organs, emphasizing the physical and chemical principles underlying physiological processes.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> (C- or better in CHEM 1520 and BIOS 1710) and (C- or better in PHYS 2002 or concurrent)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 3435 - Principles of Physiology Lab</h2><p>Lab experiences designed to complement material covered in BIOS 3430/5430. Lab introduces students to physiology related skills and techniques used in research settings.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3430 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 3450 - Human Physiology</h2><p>Covers basic cell physiology through most organ systems, particularly those of humans. Emphasis on physiological regulation and physiological responses to various stresses. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in ((BIOS 2030 and 2035) or (3010 and 3015))</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 3455 - Human Physiology Laboratory</h2><p>Lab experiences designed to complement material covered in 3450. Lab introduces students to physiology related skills and techniques used in both research and clinical settings. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3450 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 3640 - Forensic Biology</h2><p>Provides experience in microscopic techniques; identification of hair, fibers, and bones; identification and grouping of blood; entomological and anthropological technologies in forensics; and identification of semen.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in (ANTH 4470 or BIOS 3100 or GEOL 4730 or PBIO 3300) and (Jr or Sr)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 3740X - Wildlife Habitat Management</h2><p>This course covers theoretical and practical aspects of management of wildlife and their habitats. It examines ecological, social, economic and regulatory (policy) perspectives of managing wildlife populations and wildlife habitat management aimed towards sustainable use of wildlife.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> lecture, field experience/internship, laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 3750 - Animal Ecology</h2><p>An exploration of empirical and theoretical aspects of how animals interact with their environment. This mechanism-oriented class will evaluate ecological processes at the individual, population, community, and ecosystem levels. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> (C- or better in BIOS 1710 and 1715) or (PBIO 1150) and (MATH 2301 or 266A or 263A or concurrent)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 3760 - Field Ecology</h2><p>Quantitative analysis of field problems in ecology; consisting of design of field experiments and hypothesis testing, graphic and statistical analysis of data; interpretation of results and report writing. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in (BIOS 1710 and 1715)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture, 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 3840 - Bioethics: Bioethical Problems in Biology and Medicine</h2><p>Ethical problems arising from rapid advances in biological and biomedical research. Topics can include human experimentation, fetal research, informed consent,euthanasia, reproductive advances, fetal sex determination, public policy and bioethics, health care delivery, mental health, and genetic screening. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> 6 Hours in BIOS</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 3860 - Biology and the Future of Man</h2><p>Covers human sexuality, physiological effects of environmental pollutants, drugs of abuse, and introduction to advances in biological technology that influence future of humans. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 3880 - Undergraduate Research Inquiry & Analysis in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology</h2><p>Uses a weekly research seminar series as the basis for research lectures and directed discussions of current research topics, research methods, and experimental design in ecology and evolutionary sciences.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> Permission required</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 seminar</p>
<h2>BIOS 3910 - Clinical Laboratory Observation</h2><p>Gives students the opportunity to observe activities characteristic of clinical lab. Observations made in hospital setting so that, along with other background information provided, students may be better able to evaluate lab work as career choice.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 6.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 20.0 internship</p>
<h2>BIOS 3930 - Topics in Biological Sciences for Nonmajors</h2><p>Individual or small-group study, under supervision of instructor, of topics not otherwise available to undergrad students. Credit not applicable toward major or minor in biological sciences or microbiology.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> One course in (BIOS or PBIO)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 3.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 independent study</p>
<h2>BIOS 3970T - Zoology Tutorial</h2><p>Special course offered to students in Honors Tutorial program.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 12</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 15.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>BIOS 3980T - Zoology Tutorial</h2><p>Special course offered to students in Honors Tutorial program.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 12</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 15.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>BIOS 4030 - Teaching Vertebrate Anatomy</h2><p>Students receive advanced training in vertebrate anatomy via lectures and dissections and give presentations while assisting in teaching vertebrate anatomy courses.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3030</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2 - 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 6.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4070 - Developmental Biology</h2><p>Mechanisms of animal development at tissue, cellular, and molecular levels of organization, with emphasis on experimental approaches. Integrates genetics, cell biology, and molecular biology.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3200 and Sr only</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4100X - Biological Pharmacology</h2><p>Covers the therapeutic uses of drugs in the physiology and treatment of certain human diseases (e.g. heart failure and arrhythmias; cancer signaling pathways with a focus on breast cancer; neurological disorders such as schizophrenia and Parkinson's disease, and infectious diseases). A select group of the most commonly prescribed drugs is discussed in terms of their cellular mechanisms of action. After completing this course student will better understand the physiological and molecular basis of human disease and how drug actions alter disease states. Toxicology and medicinal chemistry of various drug classes are not discussed.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C or better in (BIOS 3430 or 3450) and C or better in (CHEM 3010 or 3060)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4130 - Human Neuroscience</h2><p>Basic structure and function of the human nervous system. Provides students, including those in premedicine and allied health fields, with a basic understanding of the brain systems underlying human behavior (e.g., sensation and perception, movement, memory, emotion, sleep and arousal, and decision-making) and the consequences of neurological damage to these systems. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> (C- or better in (BIOS 2030 or 3010 or 3030)) or (C or better in (3430 or 3450 or concurrent))</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4135 - Human Neuroscience Laboratory</h2><p>Students will learn human brain anatomy and consequences of neurological damage by completing a human brain dissection, studying cross-sectional anatomy of normal and diseased brains (e.g., via magnetic resonance images), and analysis of clinical cases. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 4130 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4140 - Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience</h2><p>Introduction to the molecular and cellular basis of the functioning of the nervous system. Topics include morphology, excitable properties of neurons, mathematical modeling, neurotransmitters and synaptic function, signal transduction, dendritic processing, neuronal and synaptic development and synaptic/learning and memory.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 2301 and C- or better in (BIOS 3420 or 3430 or 3450)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4150 - Systems and Cognitive Neuroscience</h2><p>Neural mechanisms of sensation (vision, hearing, touch, etc.), movement control (balance, locomotion, orienting, reaching, etc.), and cognitive processes (memory, emotion, decision making, etc.). In each class, students hear a lecture and discuss assigned articles from the research literature. A major goal is to train students in critical analysis of primary journal articles. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in (BIOS 4130 or 4140)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4180 - Methods in Computational Neuroscience</h2><p>Lecture, discussion, and computer lab. Introduction to mathematical and computational techniques for modeling single neurons and networks of neurons. Cable theory; Rall's model; mathematical solutions; compartmental models; Hodgkin-Huxley equations; introduction to software for simulating synapses, neurons and networks of neurons; intracellular mechanisms and calcium models; reaction-diffusion modeling - stochastic approaches; simplified models of neurons. NEURON taught. Students are expected to complete a simulation project using one of the available software packages.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 4140 and MATH 2302</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4190 - Computer Simulation in Biology</h2><p>Introduction to computer modeling and simulation in biological research. Designed to illustrate the power and limitations of computer simulation by having students code (in software simulation programs like Berkeley Madonna or Matlab) simulation programs for a number of different biological phenomena. Quantitative models used include those of enzyme kinetics, population biology, population genetics, epidemics, diffusion, and compartmental models in physiology and system biology.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> MATH 2301 and 17 hours in BIOS and Sr only</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4230 - Pathogenic Bacteriology</h2><p>A molecular approach is used to discuss bacterial pathogenesis and disease manifestations. Topics include some aspects of immunity and pathogen control.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in (BIOS 3210 or (3220 and 3225))</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4240 - Virology</h2><p>Intended to familiarize students with the principles of virology and focuses on human and animal viruses. Emphasis is placed on the molecular events following virus-cell interaction, which are critical to viral replication and pathology. Topics also include viral evolution, novel infectious agents, use of viruses for gene therapy, and modern methods of studying viruses. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in (BIOS 3100 and 3200)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4250 - Evolutionary Genetics</h2><p>Basic concepts of population genetics (mutation, gene flow, natural selection, genetic drift). Rates, patterns, and processes of molecular evolution at the population and species level. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3100 and PSY 2110</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4260 - Molecular Genetics</h2><p>Topics will emphasize the interaction of microbial genetics with molecular biology and biotechnology. Genetics of selected bacteria, their bacteriophages, and yeast are covered. Topics include the genetic elements of bacteria, bacteriophage, and yeast; mutations and mutagenesis, mitochondrial genetics and prions, mechanisms of gene transfer and recombination, regulation of gene expression, and recombinant DNA.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in (BIOS 3100 or PBIO 3300) (BIOS 3210 is recommended)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4270 - Mechanisms of Gene Regulation</h2><p>Class is intended for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. An in-depth discussion of the molecular events that regulate eukaryotic gene expression. Topics also include gene regulation during differentiation and development, aberrant transcription and disease, generation and utility of transgenic animals, and genomics-based analysis of gene expression.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in BIOS 3100 and (Jr or Sr)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4290 - Marine Biology</h2><p>Biological processes in marine and estuarine habitats, and adaptations for life at sea; emphasis on environmental variables affecting distribution, abundance, and dynamics of marine plants and animals. Includes optional four day field trip to marine environment. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 1715</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4300 - Marine Invertebrate Biology Lecture and Lab</h2><p>This course introduces students to the broad diversity of marine invertebrates and covers all major & many minor invertebrate phyla, as well as several important protozoan groups. This course provides an overview of each phylum describing characteristic morphology, physiology, and reproduction, and emphasizes major developments in the evolution of invertebrates. Emphasis is on taxa of significant ecological importance in marine habitats. Labs are designed to acquaint students with the different phyla using preserved and live specimens. Students are expected to recognize the particular characteristics of an organism that allow accurate taxonomic placement.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C or better in (BIOS 1710 and 1715)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.5 lecture, 1.5 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4310 - Aquatic Biology</h2><p>Physical, chemical, and biological processes in lakes and running waters. Emphasis on the collection and analysis of environmental and ecological data describing populations and communities. Lab includes field sampling of local habitats. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 1715</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4360 - Field Entomology</h2><p>Introduces students to insect taxonomy and field sampling methods. Emphasis on equipment and protocols for collecting/monitoring insects in their natural habitats, and laboratory procedures for identifying and preserving specimens. Students will become familiar with common insect families and the use of taxonomic keys to identify them. Grades based on field projects, laboratory practicals, and a final project (insect collection).</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3300 or PBIO 3400</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4410 - Parasitology</h2><p>Etiology of human parasites, their transmission, diagnosis, and prevention.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 1715</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4440 - Tropical Disease Biology</h2><p>Provides an overview of the nature, impact, and management of tropical diseases. Examines tropical diseases as systems.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> Jr or Sr</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4450 - Physiology of Exercise</h2><p>Fundamental concepts and application of organ systems' responses to exercise: special reference to skeletal muscle metabolism, energy expenditure, cardio-respiratory regulation, and training and environmental adaptations.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C or better in (BIOS 3420 or 3430 or 3450)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4460 - Physiology of Exercise Laboratory</h2><p>Laboratory experience to complement materials covered in Physiology of Exercise Lecture and survey of skills and techniques used in exercise physiology settings.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C or better in (BIOS 4450 or EXPH 4140) or concurrent and WARNING: No credit for both this course and EXPH 4145 and WARNING: No credit for this course if BIOS 4455 is taken</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4500 - Principles of Endocrinology</h2><p>Endocrine control of mammalian homeostasis and metabolism. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in (BIOS 3420 or 3430 or 3450)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4570 - Animal Systematics</h2><p>Principles and methods of systematic zoology. Numerical methods and hypothetico-deductive reasoning applied to study of organismic diversity (taxonomy) and geographic distribution (biogeography). Use of computer stressed. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3300</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 1.0 discussion</p>
<h2>BIOS 4620 - Animal Ecological Physiology</h2><p>Examines how organismal physiology is affected by the physical environment. Comparative approaches explore the behavioral, physiological, and biochemical responses to environmental factors. Current topics and methods are addressed in selected readings and discussion. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> (BIOS 3420 or 3430) and MATH 2301 and (BIOS 3750 or PBIO 4350)</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4630 - Biological Chemistry</h2><p>Structure/function of proteins, nucleotides, lipids, and carbohydrates. Principles of enzyme kinetics, chemical/physical, and functional properties of biological membranes, and DNA synthesis, transcription and translation. Biochemistry of energy and nucleotide metabolism and mechanisms of metabolic regulation. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> CHEM 3010 or 3050</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4635 - Biological Chemistry Laboratory</h2><p>Laboratory exercises covered in BIOS 4630.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> (BIOS 4630 or CHEM 4901) or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4650 - Ichthyology</h2><p>Biology of fishes. Lectures emphasize anatomy, physiology, ecology, taxonomy, and evolution. Labs and field trips emphasize identification of Ohio species and include dissection. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3300 or PBIO 3400</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4710 - Ornithology</h2><p>Bird biology, including discussions on anatomy, physiology, conservation biology, life histories, and role or ornithology in current ecological and evolutionary theory.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3300 or PBIO 3400</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4720 - Herpetology</h2><p>Biology of amphibians and reptiles. Lectures emphasize anatomy, physiology, ecology, behavior, taxonomy, and geography. Labs and field trips emphasize species of ohio and families of the US. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3300 or PBIO 3400</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4730 - Animal Behavior</h2><p>Ecological, physiological, and developmental aspects of animal behavior, interpreted from the perspective of evolutionary biology. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> PSY 2110 and 20 hours in BIOS and Sr only</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4740 - Mammalogy</h2><p>Mammals; their origin, evolution and adaptations, geographical distribution, ecology, and systematics. Emphasis on local fauna. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3300 or PBIO 3400</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 3.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4770 - Population Ecology</h2><p>Major theories and concepts in population and evolutionary ecology. Emphasis on mathematical models pertaining to growth and regulation of populations, population interactions, including predation and competition, distribution and abundance, and life history theory.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3750 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4780 - Community Ecology</h2><p>Provide a theoretical and empirical examination of the description, structure, and organization of communities. Emphasis is placed on mathematical models that describe the biotic processes that mold community structure. Further consideration of null models in ecology and historical effects are included. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3750</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4790 - Advanced Evolution</h2><p>Current concepts of evolutionary processes: sources of variation, agents of change, natural selection and adaptation, speciation and macroevolution. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 3300</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4810 - Animal Conservation Biology</h2><p>The roles of population genetics, population and community ecology, biogeography, systematics, and paleobiology in the study of biodiversity, design of nature reserves, and the recovery of endangered species. Discussion of extinction as a process, the effects of human-induced habitat degradation on loss of species diversity, and the role of reserves in protection of species. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> 20 hours in BIOS and Sr only</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4860 - Immunology</h2><p>Fundamental principles and concepts of immunity and the immune response. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> C- or better in (BIOS 3210 or (3220 and 3225))</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4865 - Immunology Lab</h2><p>Immunological methods, including identification and assessment of functional activities in immune cells and molecules and applied immunological methods with antibodies in research, diagnosis, and therapy. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 4860 or concurrent</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 laboratory</p>
<h2>BIOS 4900 - Special Topics in Biological Sciences</h2><p>Specific course content will vary with offering.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture</p>
<h2>BIOS 4910 - Biological Internship</h2><p>Practice applying biological methods in professional settings such as biomedical labs, zoos, wildlife refuges and parks, environmental monitoring labs, marine and seaworld institutes, etc.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> Permission required and BIOS major</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 6.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 20.0 internship</p>
<h2>BIOS 4911 - Clinical Laboratory Science Internship</h2><p>Fifty-two week clinical internship includes theoretical and practical coursework in all phases of clinical lab science at accredited school of clinical laboratory science. Required for certification as a clinical laboratory scientist.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 9</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 27.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 20.0 internship</p>
<h2>BIOS 4930 - Topics in Biological Sciences</h2><p>Individual or small-group study of specialized topics in zoology under supervision of instructor. Special registration with departmental secretary absolutely required. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 1715 and 2.5 GPA</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 2</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 4.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 independent study</p>
<h2>BIOS 4940 - Undergraduate Research</h2><p>Individualized and directed research. Students select topics or are directed into possible research areas.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> 14 Hours in BIOS and 3.0 GPA</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 9.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 6.0 research</p>
<h2>BIOS 4940H - Honors Undergraduate Research</h2><p>Individualized and directed research for students in departmental honors program. Students select topics or are directed into possible research areas.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> Permission required and 25 hours in BIOS and 3.5 GPA in BIOS</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2 - 6</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 6.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 research</p>
<h2>BIOS 4941 - Senior Research and Thesis</h2><p>Independent research and thesis under the supervision of a faculty member. Requires students already actively involved in a research project to present their research findings, both orally and in written thesis format. It is intended for students who are not pursuing a degree in Biological Sciences with honors. Students should enroll in the semester the research will be completed and thesis presented.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> 3 Hours BIOS 4940 and Sr only</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 research</p>
<h2>BIOS 4941H - Senior Honors Thesis</h2><p>Independent departmental honors research thesis under supervision of staff member. Student should enroll semester he or she expects to complete thesis. Registration with director of departmental honors program is required.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> BIOS 4940H and 20 hours in BIOS and 3.5 GPA</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 2 - 6</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> 3</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 4.0 research</p>
<h2>BIOS 4970T - Tutorial Senior Thesis</h2><p>Special course offered to students in Honors Tutorial program.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 12</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 24.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 6.0 tutorial</p>
<h2>BIOS 4980T - Tutorial Senior Thesis</h2><p>Special course offered to students in Honors Tutorial program.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> HTC</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 12</p><p><strong>General Education Code:</strong> </p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 24.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 6.0 tutorial</p>