Ohio University

Geography Graduate Courses

<h2>GEOG 5000 - Geographic Research and Writing</h2><p>This seminar is designed to provide students a general background of the discipline of geography through its various theoretical progressions and teach them how to conduct research and writing with these developments in mind.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5010 - Meteorology</h2><p>General survey of meteorology with a focus on physical principles explaining weather change. No credit if GEOG 2020. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5020 - Climatology</h2><p>Exchanges of energy and moisture and their significance to human utilization of the Earth's surface. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5030 - Meteorological Observations</h2><p>Lab experience in acquisition, measurement, and interpretation of meteorological parameters. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 4.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5035 - Introduction to Meteorological Radar Systems, Observations, and Techniques</h2><p>This course will provide an introduction to standard and dual-polarization weather radar systems, interpretation of data collected from such systems, and application techniques utilized for various meteorological purposes. Topics covered will include: 1) basic components of a radar system, atmospheric electromagnetic wave propagation, 2) conditions leading to abnormal wave propagation, 3) retrieval of radar reflectivity and Doppler velocity measurements, 4) observational properties of meteorological targets including clouds, rain, hail, snow, and tornadoes, 5) discrimination between meteorological and non-meteorological returns, and 6) applications of radar data including velocity azimuth displays, dual-Doppler wind retrievals, hydrometeor classification, and rainfall measurements.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5040 - Practicum in Meteorology and Forecasting</h2><p>Lab experience in preparation and dissemination of meteorological forecasts. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 4.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 laboratory</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5050 - Physical Meteorology</h2><p>This course is a survey of atmospheric physics, with a focus on radiation balances, radiative transfer, cloud microphysics, and boundary layer meteorology. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5060 - Synoptic Meteorology</h2><p>An examination of the construction and analysis of models used in the prediction of meteorological phenomena, the development and maintenance of mid-latitude cyclones, and satellite meteorology.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5070 - Mesoscale Meteorology</h2><p>An examination of severe and unusual weather, mesoscale meteorology, atmospheric stability, and radar meteorology. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5080 - Dynamic Meteorology I</h2><p>Exploration of the physical forces responsible for atmospheric motions. Topics covered include the wind vector; fundamental and apparent forces; the geostrophic wind; the thermal, mechanical and thermodynamic energy equations; balanced flow; vertical motion and the thermal wind; vorticity; and the vorticity and divergence theorems.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5090 - Dynamic Meteorology II</h2><p>Continuation of GEOG 5080. Topics covered include Boussinesq approximations; Reynold's averaging; turbulent kinetic energy; primary and secondary circulations; baroclinic development; geopotential tendency; quasigeostropic motions; omega equation; and wave motions in the atmosphere.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5110 - Advanced Physical Geography</h2><p>A topics course of focused study on a specific physical geographic theme.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5130 - Arid Lands Physical Geography</h2><p>Integrated approach to the physical geographic processes that combine to create the distinctive landscapes of arid regions with an emphasis on their landforms and landforming processes. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5150 - Landforms and Landscapes</h2><p>A topical approach to the study of landforms and landforming processes as fundamental elements of the physical environment. Includes landforms created by tectonism, volcanism, gravity, streams, glaciers, waves, and the wind. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5160 - Biogeography</h2><p>An examination of the historical, environmental, and biotic influences that shape spatial patterns of plant and animal distributions and community structure in the contemporary landscape. No credit if BIOS 3160/5160.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> WARNING: Not BIOS 5160</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5170 - Landscape Ecology</h2><p>Landscape Ecology is an applied science that focuses on the development, consequences, and management of environmental pattern ¿ the spatial distributions of species and the environment resources upon which they depend. This course explores the reciprocal relationship between pattern and process: how pattern is created on the landscape, its implication for populations, communities, and ecosystems, and how spatial pattern changes through time. The specific role of humans in creating and altering landscape pattern is examined.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5200 - American Ethnic Geography</h2><p>Systematic and thematic survey of spatial and cultural patterns associated with ethnicity and ethnic groups in the United States. Emphasis on historical and spatial patterns of immigration, the experience of ethnic groups in American plural society, and ethnic contributions to American life.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5210 - Population Geography</h2><p>Survey of global population concerns emphasizing contemporary patterns of population change, fertility, international migration, and the impact of these on the environment and economic resources. Examines critiques (feminist/equity) of population change as a development problem. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5220 - Geography of Religious Space and Place</h2><p>Systematic and regional survey of religious cultural landscapes of the world in comparative perspective. Emphasis on religion as a cornerstone of culture and its manifestations in the cultural landscape. Focus on sacred space and place, pilgrimage, and holy sites in selected religious belief systems. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5250 - Political Geography</h2><p>Systematic examination of basic approaches, historical development, special problems, and spatial concepts in political geography.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5260 - Urban Geography</h2><p>Geographical survey of the processes and forms of urban settlements. Examines urban origin, urban system, urban spatial structure, suburbanization, urban planning, (de)industrialization, inner-city decline, gentrification, entrepreneurial politics, cultural economy and globalization. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5270 - Social Geographies</h2><p>Geographic analysis of social relation, social identities, and social inequalities. Examines the geography of social justice from the perspective of distinct groups (including race, gender, class, and sexuality) and as it relates to various geographic themes, particularly concerning the environment, urban geography, and employment.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5280 - Community Geography</h2><p>Knowing the geography of one¿s community, from the distribution of parks and schools to the location of healthcare and social services providers to the assessment of walkable downtowns and neighborhoods, is a hallmark of an engaged citizenry. Community Geography examines a variety of place-based challenges and opportunities that are found within and between communities through the lens of geo-spatial analysis. It engages students in real ways through documenting, evaluating and mapping the community they live in and care about. University-community partnerships are built from the bottom up around social issues such as income inequalities, food insecurity, educational disparities, limited access to transportation and healthcare, and more. This course offers a unique combination of collaborative mapping, spatial understanding of community issues, and interaction with and participation in the community from the bottom up, as engaged members of the Athens community. Students will be introduced to real-world problems and best practices, and encouraged to explore creative solutions. Community geography helps students better understand the spatial nature of these issues, how to evaluate both local and global forces which transform communities, and assists them with evaluating actionable solutions which promote sustainability at the local level. This course is designed to engage students with the Athens area, to build collaboration between students, residents and community groups, and to develop marketable skills and expand student awareness of community issues. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5290 - World Economic Geography</h2><p>Geographic survey of the capitalist world economy. Examines the rise and fall of great economic powers, (under)development in the periphery, global economic restructuring, regional blocs, multinational firms and national governments. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5300 - Geography of Europe</h2><p>Topical survey of Europe with emphasis on the geographic and cultural historical factors that influenced landscape and regional patterns in the past and today. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5310 - Geography of Africa</h2><p>Course examines physical and human geographies of Africa as well as geographic approaches to human-environment interactions. Topics include sustainable resource use, health and development, rural livelihood systems, roots of conflict and Africa in the world economy.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5330 - Appalachia: Land and People</h2><p>Topical and regional survey of Appalachia with emphasis on settlement and expansion, land ownership and speculation, society and culture, and the impacts of natural resource extraction.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5340 - Historical Geography of the United States</h2><p>Systematic and regional survey of past human geographies of the area that became the United States from 1450 until the present. Focus on the development of regional identity over time and space, and manifestations of regional identity in the cultural landscape.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5350 - Geography of Latin America</h2><p>Regional survey of Latin America focusing on biophysical systems, rural development, population/migration, cultural geography and economic development.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5380 - Geography of Asia</h2><p>Examines the Asian region with emphasis on intra-regional economic integration through trade, investment and labor migration flows and on inter-regional relations with other parts of the world through colonialism, political engagement and globalization. Studies issues of economic development, regional bloc, Cold War conflicts, nationalism, and urbanization in Asia.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5400 - Geography of Development</h2><p>Designed 1) to critically examine the concept of development and its critiques; 2) to explore theories of development and examine how they have influenced development practice in various geographic contexts; and 3) to understand rural and urban spaces of development and the relevant flows between them.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5410 - Geography of Hunger and Food Security</h2><p>Provides students a foundation for understanding and interpreting changing global and regional patterns of hunger and food security. Environmental, political, economic, and demographic dimensions of hunger and food security are examined. Social and policy interventions aimed at reducing hunger are evaluated through examination of case studies from the developing and industrialized world.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5440 - Agricultural Ecosystems</h2><p>Systematic analysis of agricultural systems. Emphasis is placed on contemporary agricultural systems, including their place in the global economy, and impacts on the environment. Examines the globalization of agriculture and agro-biotechnology.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5450 - Gender, Environment, and Development</h2><p>Explores frameworks linking gender and the environment and examines how they have influenced the practice of development in various geographic contexts. Case studies from Africa, USA, Latin America, and Asia. Topics include gendered access to resources, health and inequality, men and masculinities, the body and the environment, non-governmental organizations, and grass root organizing. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5460 - Environmental Law</h2><p>Legal aspects of both individual environmental and societal environmental rights and duties with respect to constitution, private property, nuisance, negligence, statutes, regulatory agencies, and court decisions. Emphasis on case study of federal, state, and local laws that shaped existing law and those that are likely to shape future legislative and administrative action. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5470 - Natural Resource Conservation</h2><p>Themes in American environmental history, resource conservation and management, and contemporary environmentalism.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5480 - Migration and Development</h2><p>Examines migration theory, global and domestic patterns of human migration, and their implications for the environment and development. It will focus on geographic approaches to understanding the causes and development consequences of migration, including transnational and return migration.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5500 - Land Use Planning</h2><p>Fundamentals of land use planning are explored. Examines traditional and innovative approaches to land use planning and its influence on the physical forms of our cities and environment, community development, human health, growth management, and sustainability. Reviews land-use planning tools and techniques utilized at the local, regional, and state level of government including plan-making processes, zoning, subdivision regulations, environmental management, smart growth, urban design, and land-use suitability. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5520 - Environmental and Sustainability Planning</h2><p>An introduction to how urban planning tools can be used to support the natural environment and promote local and regional sustainability. Outlines strategies for meeting important biodiversity, water resources, hazard mitigation, working landscape, waste management, and air quality goals. Connects environmental planning with supportive topics such as environmental policy and governance, sustainability and climate action planning, environmental justice, and environmental assessment.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> Warning: No credit for both this course and the following (always deduct credit for first course taken):GEOG 5530</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5530 - Environmental Planning and Assessment</h2><p>An introduction to the use of science in environmental decision-making directed toward the analysis of land development policies, the utility of assessment methods to understand environmental change and the application of management strategies to promote environmental sustainability at local and regional scales.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4.0</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,FN,FS,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5550 - History of Planning</h2><p>Explores the development of planning concepts, theory, and practice. It introduces urban and regional planning in the U.S. through its historical and contemporary contexts. Examines the social, economic, political, cultural, and technological factors that influence human landscapes and the profession of planning.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5560 - The City and the Environment</h2><p>Examination of historical and present-day environmental impacts of urban and suburban expansion in a North American context.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5580 - Environmental Hazards</h2><p>Systematic introduction to the concepts, problems, and methods that guide the identification and assessment of environmental risk with emphasis on natural hazards and their geophysical dimensions. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5600 - Cartography I</h2><p>Introduction to digital cartographic design and cartographic visualization. Theory and practice of map design developed in weekly lectures and lab.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5610 - Cartography II</h2><p>Introduction to dynamic digital cartographic design. Theory and practice of geovisualization through animated and interactive maps developed in weekly readings, discussion, exercises, and final project.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5650 - Air Photo Interpretation</h2><p>Principles, techniques, and practice in visual interpretation of and making measurements from aerial photographs. For geographers, geologists, military, community planners, resource managers, engineers.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5660 - Principles of Remote Sensing</h2><p>Systematic introduction to the principles and application of remote sensing stressing the fundamental characteristics of electromagnetic radiation, energy-atmosphere interactions, design of remote sensing instruments, and the techniques used to extract problem-solving information from remote sensing data. Emphasis is given to digital image-processing techniques and algorithms involved in measurement, analysis, and interpretation of electromagnetic energy collected by remote sensing instruments.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5670 - Advanced Remote Sensing</h2><p>In depth examination of advanced remote sensing methodologies and applications including object oriented image processing, hyper-spectral analysis, soft image classification, and sensor fusion, focused on their use in the environmental geosciences.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5710 - Quantitative Methods in Geography</h2><p>An introduction to the application of advanced quantitative methods in geographic research and applied spatial analysis with a focus on statistical problem solving in both human and physical geographic contexts.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5711 - Qualitative Methods in Geography</h2><p>An introduction to qualitative research methods in geography. Covers research design, methodological approaches to research, and qualitative data collection and analysis methods used by geographers. Specific methods covered will include: interviewing, observation, document analysis, and visual analysis.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5712 - Field Methods in Geography</h2><p>Introduction to geographic field methods and techniques. Field mapping, data collection, spatial sampling, data analysis, synthesis, and reporting.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 2.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5730 - Principles of GIS</h2><p>Introduction to the fundamental principles and applications of geographic information systems (GISs). In-depth practical training in creation, storage, management, visualization, and map-driven analysis of geospatial data using industry standard GIS and mapping technologies. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5731 - Geographic Information Systems Applications</h2><p>Applications of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to solving spatial problems, intended for non-majors. Instruction is a problem-oriented approach using desktop GIS. Students will learn how to use vector and grid-based GIS to answer problems with a geospatial component. Course emphasizes methods for importing and integrating data sources and digital boundary files from the Internet and other sources. The purpose is to give students critical thinking skills to solve spatial problems using automated methods. No prior experience with GIS is assumed.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5740 - GIS Design and Application Development</h2><p>Introduction to computational foundations of geographic information systems and geospatial mapping technologies. Practical introduction to GIS scripting technologies and software application development.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> GEOG 5730</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5750 - GIS and Landscape Analysis</h2><p>Introduction to the methods of computational modeling and geovisualization directed to the study of physical, human, and environmental processes and their interactions at local, regional, and global scales.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> GEOG 5730</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5760 - Advanced Spatial Analysis and GIS Applications</h2><p>GIS based introduction to advanced spatial analysis and spatial decision making concepts. Understanding how proficiency with GIS and spatial analysis can be readily applied in a wide range of problem solving contexts in the social and natural sciences. Emphasis on spatial uncertainty and how it affects the quality of spatial analysis and spatial decision making.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> GEOG 5730</p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5770 - Advanced Topics in GeoInformatics</h2><p>In depth examination of emerging technologies, methods and research applications within the broad scope of GIS, Remote Sensing and Cartography. The specific content of this course will vary each time it is offered to enrich student needs and interests. Topics for the course when offered will be announced in the semester course schedule. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 2.0 laboratory, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5790 - Geographical Analysis of Telecommunication Systems</h2><p>This course encourages students to consider the technical, socioeconomic, business, and policy aspects of telecommunications technologies, particularly from a geographic perspective. It utilizes readings, lectures, and discussions to explore various issues associated with telecommunications technologies, including broadband availability, telecommunications tower siting, cellular coverage areas, and the spatial digital divide. Students apply their knowledge through class activities.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May not be retaken.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 lecture, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5900 - Special Topics in Geography</h2><p>Special topics in Geography.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 15</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 lecture</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5910 - Internship</h2><p>Provides qualifying students with credit for work-study experience in GIS, cartography, remote sensing, land-use planning, resource management, and other fields of applied geography. Supervised by geography faculty and evaluated by on-the-job supervisor.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 12</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 12.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 12.0 field experience/internship</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 5911 - Colloquium in Geography</h2><p>Colloquium contents vary.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 6.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 1.0 seminar</p><p>Eligible Grades: F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6000 - Seminar in Geography</h2><p>Seminar contents vary.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6010 - Seminar in Meteorology</h2><p>Seminar contents vary.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6150 - Seminar in Geomorphology</h2><p>Advanced study of selected themes in geomorphology conducted primarily through reading and discussion of the relevant, published research literature. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6160 - Seminar in Biogeography</h2><p>Advanced topics and readings in biogeography.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6210 - Seminar in Population Geography</h2><p>Seminar contents vary.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6220 - Seminar in Historical Geography</h2><p>Seminar contents vary.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6250 - Seminar in Political Geography</h2><p>Seminar contents vary.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6260 - Seminar in Urban Geography</h2><p>This seminar is designed to examine how politics, economy, and nature interrelate to shape urban issues.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6290 - Seminar in Economic Geography</h2><p>Seminar contents vary.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6310 - Seminar in Regional Geography: Africa</h2><p>Examines the nature of environmental and development interventions in Africa. Critically analyzes whose knowledge counts in the discourses of environmental conservation and development. Uses a critical geography lens to Illustrate theory with several hot topics in African geography.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6350 - Seminar in Regional Geography: Latin America</h2><p>Seminar contents vary.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6380 - Seminar in Regional Geography: Asia</h2><p>This seminar course critically examines both the changing geography of contemporary Asia and the history of Asian Studies as an academic discipline. Specific topics will include the geographical conception of Asia, the making of modern Asia, Cold War conflicts, economic development in contemporary Asia, and international trade, investment and migration within and beyond Asia. Particular attention will be paid to how the peoples and countries of Asia have changed geographically and how their changes have been understood in the study of Asia.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6410 - Seminar in Development: Environment and Development</h2><p>The seminar examines the myriad interactions between development processes and environmental change in the developing world. Theoretical developments in political ecology provide a foundation for examining case studies. Topics include: indigenous knowledge, environmental discourses, environmental degradation, people and protected areas, environmental governance, and environmental social movements. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6420 - Seminar in Development: Theories of Development</h2><p>Examines how different concepts and theories of (under)development have been produced, maintained and contested in different regions of the world and in different times.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6430 - Seminar in Development: Gender and Development</h2><p>Advanced topics and readings in gender and development. </p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6470 - Seminar in Resource Management</h2><p>Seminar contents vary.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6500 - Seminar in Environmental Justice</h2><p>In this seminar environmental justice will be examined in both theory and praxis. Our discussions will range from contested ideas and discourses about environmental justice, to more grounded examples of political movements that seek to contest (in)justice in both urban and rural environments. Specific topics will likely include the conceptual genesis of environmental/social justice movements, distributional inequity of toxics proximity in poor/minority communities, overcoming procedural inequities of white privilege, negotiating urban amenities like forests and parks, overcoming urban food deserts through enhanced food security, the rights of nonhuman species to the city, among other topics.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6600 - Seminar in Cartography</h2><p>Seminar contents vary.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6730 - Seminar in GIScience</h2><p>Seminar contents vary.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 8.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6900 - Special Topics in Geography</h2><p>Seminar contents vary.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 4</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 12.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 3.0 seminar, 1.0 research</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6930 - Independent Study</h2><p>Individual or small group students will have an independent study with faculty members.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 12</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 15.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 12.0 independent study</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>
<h2>GEOG 6950 - Thesis</h2><p>Master thesis hours.</p><p><strong>Requisites:</strong> </p><p><strong>Credits:</strong> 1 - 12</p><p><strong>Repeat/Retake Information:</strong> May be repeated for a maximum of 996.0 hours.</p><p><strong>Lecture/Lab Hours:</strong> 12.0 thesis/dissertation</p><p>Eligible Grades: A-F,CR,PR,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I</p>